The Written and Unwritten Common Law Constitution of England, Bound by Oath.

English Law: 

English recorded law dates back thousands of years, ancient laws and Customs.  

The ancient Laws of Cambia, the Historical Triads of Britain.  

But Magna Carta 1215 is probably a good starting point for this overview.  The ancient laws and customs are still valid (as Her Majesty swore and oath to them).

The Bill of Rights and the Scottish Claim of Right of 1689, still part of statute law, are the sure foundation on which the whole edifice of Parliamentary democracy rests, and had great influence abroad, especially in the United States of America and in the Commonwealth.” Her Majesty the Queen 20 July 1988 Hansard vol 499 cc1301-3

https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/lords/1988/jul/20/her-majestys-reply

and of Course 21 July 1993, the Speaker of The House of Commons issued a reminder to the courts. Betty Boothroyd said: “There has of course been no amendment to The Bill of Rights . . . the House is entitled to expect that The Bill of Rights will be fully respected by all those appearing before the courts.”

I would suggest that anyone that says we do not have a Constitution reads the full speech by the Lord Privy Seal and Her Majesties response.

https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/lords/1988/jul/20/tercentenary-of-the-revolutions-of-1688

“By their acceptance of the Declaration of Rights, presented to them on the 13th of February 1689 in the Banqueting House in Whitehall, subsequently enacted by the Bill of Rights; and by their assent to the Claim of Right of Scotland, their late Majesties King William and Queen Mary concluded a solemn compact with their people; thereby were vindicated and asserted the ancient rights and liberties of the dutiful and loyal subjects of Your Majesty’s predecessors.

§“In consequence of this deliverance from arbitrary power and affirmation of the people’s rights, this nation has, since 1688, enjoyed security under a constitutional monarchy.” Lord Privy Seal.

The Magna Carta was a peace treaty between the Monarch and his subjects.  It predated Parliament and cannot be repealed by Parliament. Parliament did not exist in its current form until centuries later.  We had a roaming parliament travelling England similar to the legal system at the time.  i.e the court went to the area where it was needed rather than the defendants and representatives going to a central place.  We now have, The Old Bailey, The Royal Courts of Justice and the House of Lords is the court of last resort (the supreme court is unconstitutional and was brought about by a corrupt government and Houses of Parliament via the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, which should of gone to referendum or convention). 

Laws which are Constitutional often contain phases such as “In perpetuity “, “all time to come”,  “within this realm forever”, “forever”. 

Up until 1849 we had a similar system in place as the Americans.  i.e Separation of powers (but British trained lawyers and barristers would disagree).  BUT the Monarch stopped a key element of the “protections” that is of assent.  Some say, we are a republic of because of that legal situation.   In America that still exists as a power of “veto” (assent) by the President of the United States.  A subject to ask the monarch to veto a law made in the monarch’s parliament could use the petition (an ancient right reconfirmed {i.e it pre-existed}) in the declaration of rights and Bill of Rights 1688.  Contained in the Convention of 1688, the Declaration of Rights 1688 and the Bill of Rights 1688 was the right of the subject to petition the Monarch.   

They include Magna Carta (1215)

https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/magna-carta/british-library-magna-carta-1215-runnymede/

the Bill of Rights and Scottish Claim of Right (both 1689), 

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMarSess2/1/2/introduction

Scottish Claim of Right 1689

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aosp/1689/28/contents

and the Treaty of Union (1706, enacted by both the English and Scottish parliaments), as well as the acts affecting union with Ireland. 

Scottish Act of Union 1706

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/Ann/6/11/contents

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/apgb/Ann/6/40/contents

English Act of Union 1707

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aosp/1707/7/contents

The Instrument of Government, introduced by Oliver Cromwell in 1653

http://www.olivercromwell.org/protectorate/protectorate_7.htm

The Petition of Right 1628

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/Cha1/3/1/contents

The Declaration of Rights 1688 * Formal Contract

This is the Declaration in Full, which King William and Queen Mary accepted. Offer + Acceptance = Contract in Law. Then it was converted via The Crown and Parliament Recognition Act 1688 into a Bill of Rights 1688/9 forever!

The Crown and Parliament Recognition Act 1688. 

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMar/2/1/contents

The Bill of Rights 1688/9

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMarSess2/1/2/introduction

The Coronation Oath Act 1688 

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMar/1/6/introduction

The Act of Settlement 1701

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/Will3/12-13/2/introduction

The Act(s) of Union 1706/1707: The Act(s) of Union 1706/7

The British Parliament came into effect in 1707 preceded by The Acts of Union 1706/7.  It was these acts that gave rise to the “power of the British Parliament”.  The acts were clear.  This was not to be to the detriment of the English Laws or Scottish laws.  http://www.legislation.gov.uk/aosp/1707/7/section/XXV

It is important to understand that the oath system binds our Constitution and to betray your oath, is very serious.  It is known as “perjuring ones oath” i.e breaching it.  This is on par with Treason.   Marxists, do not believe in God, therefore do not take the oath to God.  In general they affirm as non believers.    This is a Major issue. 

(pre existing English right) 

Bill of Rights 1688 (pre existed 1688 English right) 

Subjects’ Arms.

That the Subjects which are Protestants may have Arms for their Defence suitable to their Conditions and as allowed by Law.

“The Subjects’.  Englishman

Protestants may have Arms for their Defence (this is clear)

suitable to their Conditions (what you can afford)

and as allowed by Law. (self defence laws and natural law of defence an unalienable right a God given right, this is contained within the discussions of the Convention and Declaration and Bill, it also pre existed these, so was a reconfirmation of that right, the British have removed it unlawfully by way of policy not law)”

England and Wales have a Common Law Constitution; Britain does not have a Constitution.  Britain contains two Countries within its geographical area, both of which have completely different legal systems.  England is Common Law Jurisdiction, Scotland is Roman Law.  

What is the difference? 

In England you can do what you like unless it is strictly forbidden in law.  The Law says what is forbidden.  In general; No Loss, No Harm, No Injury, No Fraud.  So as long as you have not caused any of the above, you have not committed an offence.  

In Scotland you can only do what is written in law.  Which is why the EU and European Nations have reams and reams of paper law.   Detailing the control of your life by lawmakers. 

What is Common Law: It is the interpretation of the Laws of the Land by Judges where the Acts of Parliament are unclear or unlawful, BUT no Act of Parliament, Monarch or Judge may contravene your rights as set out by the Constitution.

Parliament has not, and does not have the power to dismiss the Constitution – Erskine May, P3 13th Ed 1924 Ch. 1

The Succession to the Crown Act declares it High Treason for any one to maintain and affirm, by writing printing or preaching, “that the kings or queens of this realm, by and with the authority of Parliament, are not able to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to limit and bind the crown, and the descent, limitation, inheritance, and government thereof,” Nor was this a modern principle of constitutional law, established, for the first time, by the revolution of 1688. If not admitted in its whole force so far back as the great charter of King John it has been affirmed by Parliament in very ancient times.

Letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

Unalienable Rights And The Securing Of Freedom, two week public comment period. Proclamation on Captive Nations Week, 2020


In my opinion your administration is a gift from God to the English.  At the G7 summit President Trump said to the British Press “What happened to England, no one mentions England anymore”. 

https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1964/jul/22/john-f-kennedy-memorial-bill

At Runnymede, Surrey,  England.  three acres of land was gifted to the USA Federal Government in 1965.  Their stands on USA sovereign land, a monument to President J F Kennedy.  On that monument is engraved the words 
“Let every nation know whether it wishes us well or ill that we shall pay any price bear any burden meet any hardship support any friend or oppose any foe in order to assure the survival and success of liberty” – from the inaugural address of President Kennedy 10 January 1961′

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1eq_XZA2uPnnuZCyW7ClamP9iM8O5JyNUNGirKb19d-g/edit#:~:text=An%20Act%20to%20vest%20in,of%20the%20Kennedy%20Memorial%20Fund.

Your own website (State Department) at page Countries and areas does not show England, Scotland or Wales. Which further shows the deliberate attempt by the compiler of the list (The UN) to destroy England as the founder of U.S.A and its Constitution. 

England is a Country, it is part of a tyrannical Union, the British Union, UK.  Germany, Spain and the other Nations States in the EU (European Union) are listed on this page.  In comparison if you listed only the EU as a Nation (which it is not) those Nations would disappear.  So why are you doing that very thing to England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland?  The UK is a political union NOT a Country. The British is no more as a Nationality than North American is a Nationality.  North America is a geographical area which contains The USA (A Nation) and Canada (A Nation).  

The Great Seal
The United States of America

Letter Published:  

Dear Secretary of State, President Trump,  Unalienable Rights Commission, Dr. Peter Berkowitz  

England and the English vs the UK and the British, fundamental error!

I noted your speech on rights and the commissions report and bring your attention to Proclamation on Captive Nations Week, 2020.   Firstly you often conflate the English Nation with the British Union.  This is erroneous.  It is crucial you understand the difference between England as a Nation with a common law Constitution and the British Union, which has no Constitution. 

England was not tyrannous towards the New World (America).  If fact, the war of independence 1776 was because the English, Scots, Welsh and Irish (and other European Nationalities) now calling themselves Americans wanted the same RIGHTS as the English.  The British Union then attacked what is now known as the USA.  The British Union (not the English) attacked the USA again The War of 1812, then continued their attacks with Socialist, Marxist, Communist, Nazi allies in 2015 through to now (conspiring to subvert the USA Constitution).

It was the War of Independence  (1776) that started the attack on the English Common Law Constitution and the rights of the English Nation.  Contrary to the Act(s) of Union 1706 and 1707 and the English Bill of Rights 1688, Declaration of Rights 1688 and the Convention of 1688 all of which are the legal consequence of the Glorious Revolution.   The British Parliament started to undermine the English, Christian Constitution.    Whilst the Americans won, the English at home were and are persecuted and slowly relieved of the unalienable rights.  The English are truly the Prisoners of the Motherland! 

But yet still, academics, policy makers, lawyers refer wrongly to the British as your allies.  They are the snakes you invited in, and then they bit you and continue to bite you. 

I am an English Constitutionalist, persecuted by the British for standing in elections, fired from Jobs for believing in England and my unalienable rights, arrested outside Buckingham Palace for petitioning Her Majesty as encouraged to do so by my Bill Of Rights 1688.  Blacklisted from employment in the UK and savaged by the state.  

We, the English are ignored by America.  The English Common Law Constitution is the beating heart of the American Constitution.  If our Constitution dies, what happens to yours?

Remember, The British do not have a Constitution, Remember the British Union is not a Country, but it is a political union, no different in its nature from the USSR, the Yugoslavia Union and the European Union.  The EU had no Constitution, they tried that the people said NO.  They then renamed the European Union Constitution and called it the Lisbon Treaty.   The English people had no say.  The British finally had a Constitution.  Until the 31st December 2020.  Now is the time for America to speak of England, the English Common Law Constitution and the unalienable rights of the English, being denied those rights by the British Union.  Will you support an English Parliament? England is the only Country in Europe without its own parliament!  

I hope I have not bored you with the plight of an Englishman.  President Trump is the first President in my lifetime that I say, “President Trump is my President too”.  

Lastly, the Person that stopped slavery in the world of Common Law Jurisdiction was an Englishman, a Tailor from Durham, England.  A layperson in the law, that self educated himself (as I have).  He fought for the Black Slaves of the World; he went up against the British in English Courts when there were still English Judges none exist now, the English Constitution was removed from the Bar exams in the early 70’s, infiltration instead of invasion (Fabian Society). 

He won!  His name was Granville Sharp.  Look him up.

Yours Sincerely

 Graham Moore

A member of the English Democrat Party

A decree of nullity vs Repeal (or divorce).

Why the recent case of sharia Marriage is IMPORTANT!

I noted with great interest the recent case of two Pakistani heritage British Citizens attempted divorce. For two reasons 1. It was fo once a decision in law and not Judicial activism. 2. I use the marriage in a simple marriage as a basis of explaining the why the European Communities Act 1972 is void and should be decreed as void. https://www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/akhter-v-khan-31.7.18.pdf This judgement and case is a great analogy of settled law.

We now have many cases that agree judicially with my analysis. Maybe Mr Tilbrook and our Barristers should look at again at my work on this subject as a potential court case. https://daddydragon.co.uk/2020/02/04/reply-to-daily-telegraph-article-by-andrew-roberts-01-02-20/

The first point the Judiciary try to make is simply – out of time – because the ECA 1972 was enacted well out of the three month time limit. A nullity can be brought at any time that it comes to the attention of an “individual”. And here is the importance of why… it affects inheritance laws. Could be very damaging for the Crown if these laws are not enforced or any other nobility.

So whats my point; let us take the Bill of rights 1688/9 just one clause and there are many other lawful points in this act and other acts that refer to the very definite word “forever”. The clause I am referring to is of course the supremacy clause. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMarSess2/1/2/introduction

Note a number of legal cases that refer to Constitutional Laws Lord Chief Justice Laws in the Sunderland Case. (this was used in the Gina Miller case). Note the other major case

[1953] ScotCS CSIH_2, 1953 SC 396, 1953 SLT 255

Further, the Treaty and the associated legislation, by which the Parliament of Great Britain was brought into being as the successor of the separate Parliaments of Scotland and England, contain some clauses which expressly reserve to the Parliament of Great Britain powers of subsequent modification, and other clauses which either contain no such power or emphatically exclude subsequent alteration by declarations that the provision shall be fundamental and unalterable in all time coming, or declarations of a like effect.  I have never been able to understand how it is possible to reconcile with elementary canons of construction the adoption by the English constitutional theorists of the same attitude to these markedly different types of provisions.

The Lord Advocate conceded this point by admitting that the Parliament of Great Britain “could not” repeal or alter such “fundamental and essential” conditions. He was doubtless influenced in making this concession by the modified views expressed by Dicey in his later work entitled Thoughts on the Scottish Union, from which I take this passage (pp. 252–253):—

“The statesmen of 1707, though giving full sovereign power to the Parliament of Great Britain, clearly believed in the possibility of creating an absolutely sovereign Legislature which should yet be bound by unalterable laws.” “

and

“I have not found in the Union legislation any provision that the Parliament of Great Britain should be “absolutely sovereign” in the sense that that Parliament should be free to alter the Treaty at will.”

By reading this Judgement and Blackstone’s Commentary of the Laws of England one should now bring in one or two of these “Constitutional written Laws bound by Solemn Oath and Convention”

The Bill of Rights of 1688/9 (Public Law) clearly states;

1. The Bill of Rights 1688 “Adjudged

2. The Bill of Rights 1688 “for all time to come

3. The Bill of Rights 1688 “Forever” three times.

4. The Bill of Rights 1688 “shall stand remaine and

be the Law of this Realme forever

And by no means least:-

Supremacy: The Bill of Rights 1688 “And I doe

declare That noe Forreigne Prince Person Prelate, State or

Potentate hath or ought to have [any Jurisdiction Power

Superiority Preeminence] or Authoritie Ecclesiasticall or Spirituall

within this Realme Soe helpe me God.

These elements or canons of construction are very important. “You can” improve on the Bill of Rights but NEVER repeal or annul it. It is as it states forever. The Bill of Rights got its power from the Peoples Convention of 1688 which led to the Declaration of Rights, then was converted via the Crown and Parliament Act of 1688 into the Bill of Rights 1688 (notice it is not a normal Act, it does not have Act in its Title for a reason. It can never be repealed or annulled. No right can be discarded or disregarded by LAW (that includes your right to keep and bear arms).

For those of you that remember the Police arrested and charged me, then prosecuted me for “petitioning” Her Majesty. What happened? The Judge, and it was a Judge in the Notorious Westminster Magistrates Court was offered no evidence from the police or prosecution when I produced in court the Bill of Rights 1688 and the Coronation Oath Act 1688. I was declared free to leave the court. Why? They knew they had committed a serious offence against my individual fundamental rights, liberties and freedoms . Clause 6 –

Right to petition.

That it is the Right of the Subjects to petition the King and all Commitments and Prosecutions for such Petitioning are Illegall.”

http://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMarSess2/1/2/introduction

In the Marriage Judgement the Judges referred to the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 Section 11 which set boundaries and for deciding what was a non marriage, a nullity, and what was a lawful marriage which could receive a divorce, decree nisi, decree absolute. Now look at at the Boundaries set by other Judgements in relation to our ancient laws and customs, now look at the Bill of Rights 1688 and the fact it cannot be repealed or annulled. On the same basis take the analogy used by the Judge in this decision.

Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 clause 11 sets boundaries. Does this marriage fall fowl of the boundaries? Yes annul. No, allow a divorce (repeal of marriage). A divorce (repeal) means the marriage and all laws that rely on it including divorce settlements were legal and give “cause” to either party. A nullity gives no such cause as the marriage did not exist. In law. therefore the normal protections do not exist for either party.

Does the ECA 1972 fall fowl of the supremacy clause of the Bill of Rights 1688 and The Coronation Oath 1688. Yes, Annul. No then repeal the ECA 1972.

What is the difference? Annul means it never existed and anything that come from it never existed. It has no effect.

Repeal means from the point of repeal it has no effect and does not exist. But, Cases and laws that stem from it while still “law” can and do still exist in law and can still be used. i.e VAT which is a European Tax not an English Tax. That means we can demand the VAT that was defrauded from the English (160 Billion) back from the banks that dispersed it to criminals).

It also means that all Sharia Law Courts (or Councils) must close as they are unlawful under our Bill of Rights. Article 4. Reads

Ecclesiastical Courts illegal.

That the Commission for erecting the late Court of Commissioners for Ecclesiasticall Causes and all other Commissions and Courts of like nature are Illegall and Pernicious.” http://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/WillandMarSess2/1/2/introduction

Hopefully someone will challenge on this and take back our money and rights!

DD

Graham Moore Replies to The Daily Telegraph article by Andrew Roberts 01 02 20

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/2020/02/01/britain-has-become-adult-againtaking-ultimate-responsibility/?WT.mc_id=tmg_share_tw#comments

It is with respect, that I reply to Andrew Roberts article of 1st February 2020.

This article goes some way to shedding light on the history of the laws of England (there is no such thing as British Law) yet fails to detail the most obvious.  

In fact, it mentions exams in the future, yet fails to mention why the curriculum syllabus and bar exams from 1970 onwards exclude Civic and Constitutional Law – rather an important point I would suggest.

The reason, I contend, is an intention by the “elites” and enemies of this Country (England), Marxists and Socialists in all forms, their enemy is our written Constitution.  The enemy always attack what they fear the most!

There is nothing more powerful than the English Constitution – but only if it is enforced.

There are many Constitutional and Ancient Laws and Customs that are forever and unalterable!  In fact, there is a case, where the Judgement states that:-

[1953] ScotCS CSIH_2, 1953 SC 396, 1953 SLT 255

Further, the Treaty and the associated legislation, by which the Parliament of Great Britain was brought into being as the successor of the separate Parliaments of Scotland and England, contain some clauses which expressly reserve to the Parliament of Great Britain powers of subsequent modification, and other clauses which either contain no such power or emphatically exclude subsequent alteration by declarations that the provision shall be fundamental and unalterable in all time coming, or declarations of a like effect.  I have never been able to understand how it is possible to reconcile with elementary canons of construction the adoption by the English constitutional theorists of the same attitude to these markedly different types of provisions.

The Lord Advocate conceded this point by admitting that the Parliament of Great Britain “could not” repeal or alter such “fundamental and essential” conditions. He was doubtless influenced in making this concession by the modified views expressed by Dicey in his later work entitled Thoughts on the Scottish Union, from which I take this passage (pp. 252–253):—

“The statesmen of 1707, though giving full sovereign power to the Parliament of Great Britain, clearly believed in the possibility of creating an absolutely sovereign Legislature which should yet be bound by unalterable laws.” “

and

“I have not found in the Union legislation any provision that the Parliament of Great Britain should be “absolutely sovereign” in the sense that that Parliament should be free to alter the Treaty at will.”

By reading this Judgement and Blackstone’s Commentary of the Laws of England one should now bring in one or two of these “Constitutional written Laws bound by Solemn Oath and Convention”

The Bill of Rights of 1688/9 (Public Law) clearly states;

1. The Bill of Rights 1688 “Adjudged

2. The Bill of Rights 1688 “for all time to come

3. The Bill of Rights 1688 “Forever” three times.

4. The Bill of Rights 1688 “shall stand remaine and

be the Law of this Realme forever

And by no means least:-

Supremacy: The Bill of Rights 1688 “And I doe

declare That noe Forreigne Prince Person Prelate, State or

Potentate hath or ought to have [any Jurisdiction Power

Superiority Preeminence] or Authoritie Ecclesiasticall or Spirituall

within this Realme Soe helpe me God.

Moving to The Bill of Rights 1688/9 authority (private law), the most powerful authority, the Convention of the people 1688 and its outcome.

The Declaration of Rights 1688 read to and signed by both William and Mary.

This convention is as important to England as the Magna Carta of 1215 and restates “our rights”. It is the detail and record of this convention that truly holds the keys to liberty and freedom of the people.  Including the Right to Bear Arms in self-defence.  A right which was subsequently passed to and included in our American Brothers and Sisters Constitution.

The Coronation Oath Act of 1688 sworn by Her Majesty the Queen on June 2nd 1953, and the substance of that Oath, being declared still valid on July 20th 1988 by Her Majesty to both Houses of Parliament (a Declaration).

Restated and confirmed by Betty Boothroyd (speaker of the House of Commons) in Parliament as advice to the Courts in 1993.

The Crown and Parliament Act 1688, The Act of Settlement 1701 and of course the Acts of Union 1706/7 did not diminish these ancient laws and customs in fact, it enshrined it for all time to come.

So then we come to Dicey, what did he say with reference to our Constitution

“All the conventions of the constitution, said Dicey, were ‘intended to secure the ultimate supremacy of the electorate as the true political sovereign of the State’.

Constitutional maxims are ‘subordinate and subservient to the fundamental principle of popular sovereignty’. (p253)

Now to the issue of Treaties and how very illegal (unlawful, unconstitutional) and extremely dishonest they were (are), to the point of perjuring ones oath “and” Treason.

Regions: Regions are a construct of the plan to divide England, not so much Little Englanders as England is too big. I quite like England as Counties, Districts and Parishes.

Treaty of Rome 1957

1992/3 Maastricht Treaty – no referendum

1997 Amsterdam Treaty – no referendum

2001 Nice Treaty – no referendum

2007 Lisbon Treaty – no referendum

Treaty of Rome 1957 (which we were lied to about) see below:-

Initially known as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (or EEC Treaty in short), its name has been retrospectively amended on several occasions since 1957.

The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 removed the word “economic” from the Treaty of Rome’s official title and, in 2009, the Lisbon Treaty renamed it the “Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union”.

As you can see there was a deliberate sleight of hand (fraud).

The regions are seriously dangerous to England, solely intended to destroy and erase England from the map and “common law”.

There are nine regions of England according to the EU mandate and plan.

However; Scotland will remain a single region (one reason it now has a single police constabulary, instead of seven).  Its National Identity remains intact.

The same for Wales and NI.  (Although the eventual intention of the EU is to create a single republic of Ireland).

Now, do you understand that Nations and Regions of the United Kingdom are in effect code for the breakup and division of England?

I agree, with Winston, but do not be fooled by Boris Johnson or any political system which believes it is sovereign.

Nothing can save England if she will not save herself,” Winston Churchill told his countrymen on St George’s Day 1933. “If we lose faith in ourselves, in our capacity to guide and govern, if we lose our will to live, then indeed our story is told.”

Now shall we have the first English National Referendum on English Independence?

I believe we should!

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